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Testing Packaged Products Weighing up to 150 …

Testing Packaged Products Weighing up to 150 Lbs. We recommend a series of pre-shipment tests to simulate FedEx air and ground shipping environments.

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Testing Packaged Products Weighing up to 150 recommend a series of pre-shipment tests to simulate FedEx air and ground shipping environments. Follow our instructions or let us do the testing for of General Testing ProceduresFedEx package testing procedures are based on industry data, as well as international testing procedures and standards, to provide reliable packaging tests for our customers with an active FedEx account number. Here we outline the general simulation procedures for testing packaged products weighing up to 150 lbs. We use drop, impact, compression and vibration tests to evaluate the integrity and protective performance of the also consider package closure performance an important acceptance criterion. We routinely open packaging and inspect the contents after completion of all test procedures, unless obvious damage is noted during or after an individual test. If at any point during the testing sequences damage is noted, further testing may not be for Packaged Products Weighing up to 150 Lbs. (Same as ISTA-6-FedEx-A)We follow a strict sequence of testing procedures, performing tests on each sample in the sequence indicated in the following Shipments International Shipments Product/ServiceElectronic, Powered, Medical Items Regular Flat Elongated Regular Flat Elongated All Other Items Free-Fall Drop Test* X X X X X X X X X Concentrated Impact Test X X X Bridge Impact Test X X X Compression Test X X X X X X X X X Rotary Vibration Test X X X Random Vibration Test ** X X X Random Vibration Test International** X X X Second Free-Fall Drop Test* X X X All Items * Computer-aided data acquisition and analysis are available upon request. ** The random vibration system can test samples up to 200 lbs., and the rotary vibration table can test samples up to 1,250 lbs. Contact FedEx Packaging Services before sending test samples weighing more than 200 lbs. The FedEx Packaging Services department reserves the right to alter the test sequence or equipment used to accommodate special package characteristics, commodities or testing equipment limitations to provide the most representative test possible. When package or content conditions are uncertain, or conditional on customer input, a Post-Test Inspection Notice will be sent with the report after the test is completed. For packaged products over 150 lbs., please refer to the FedEx Testing Packaged Products Weighing More Than 150 Lbs. for Packaged Products Weighing Up to 150 lbs. Regular Flat Elongated Page 2Packaging DefinitionsFor testing purposes, we classify packaging into three categories. Use these simple definitions to determine if your packaging configuration is flat, elongated or PackageWe classify a package as flat if the shortest dimension is less than or equal to 8", the next shortest dimension is at least four times the length of the shortest dimension, and the volume of the total package is at least 800 cubic PackageWe classify a package as elongated if the longest dimension is at least 36" and the other two dimensions measure 20 percent or less than the longest Package We classify any package that is not defined as flat or elongated as a regular TestsFree-Fall Drop Test Procedures We employ a free-fall drop tester* to drop packages onto a flat, firm, nonyielding steel base. We vary the drop height based on the package weight shown in the chart. For international products, we conduct a second sequence of free-fall drop tests following the vibration test. We conduct 10 drop tests, one for each of the orientations, shown in the box examples Most fragile Shortest edge radiating from the drop corner.* Computer-aided data acquisition and analysis are available upon Drop TesterPackage Weight Drop Height Drops per Sequence Equal to or less 30" 10 than 75 lbs. Greater than 75 lbs. 24" 10 but equal to or less than 100 lbs. Greater than 100 lbs. 18" 10 but equal to or less than 150 lbs. Page 33. Medium edge radiating from the drop corner. 4. Longest edge radiating from the drop Flat on one of the smallest Flat on the opposite small Flat on one of the medium faces. 8. Flat on the opposite medium face. 9. Flat on one of the largest faces. 10. Flat on the opposite large face. NOTE: When it comes to irregularly shaped items, we follow special drop orientation 4Concentrated Impact Test ProceduresWe use a free-fall drop tester to drop a dense wooden box measuring 12" x 12" x 12", with one bottom edge covered by an angle iron, onto the test package. The box should have a total weight of 21 lbs., filled with a sandbag to achieve the weight and void fill to hold the bag in place. To perform this test, we use the following procedures. 1. Place the package with its largest surface area on a nonyielding steel or concrete Measure and mark the center of the test package in both directions. Raise the drop tester platen to 30".3. Position the wooden box on the drop platen so that the angle-iron edge is pointed toward the package and is parallel to the shortest dimension of the largest package face. Mark the midpoint of the wooden box impact edge and ensure that it is lined up with the marked test-package Allow the box to fall freely and impact the package at the marked midpoints evenly, without attempting to catch any rebound of the wooden Impact Test ProceduresWe use a free-fall drop tester to drop a dense wooden box measuring 12" x 12" x 12", with one bottom edge covered by an angle iron, onto the test package. The box should have a total weight of 21 lbs., filled with a sandbag to achieve the weight and void fill to hold the bag in place. To perform this test, we use the following Place the test package on two 4"-high blocks at opposite ends of the longest package dimension and parallel to each other at the shortest package edge. 2. Measure and mark the center of the test package in both directions. Raise the drop tester platen to 30".3. Position the wooden box on the drop platen so that the angle-iron edge is pointed toward the package and is parallel to the shortest dimension of the largest package face. Mark the midpoint of the wooden box impact edge and ensure that it is lined up with the marked test-package Allow the box to fall freely and impact the package at the marked midpoints evenly, without attempting to catch any rebound of the wooden Impact Test for Flat PackagesBridge Impact Test for Elongated PackagesPage 5Compression TestCompression Test Procedures We perform the compression test on a dynamic compression tester equipped with a computerized control system. To perform this test, we use the following procedures. 1. Calculate the compression load using this formula: Compression Load (pounds) = x (108 H) x L x W x F = Average density of freight in pounds per cubic inch (12 lbs. per cubic foot). 108 = Maximum height (inches) of package stack in transit. H = Height of shipping unit (inches). L = Length of shipping unit (inches). W = Width of shipping unit (inches). F = A factor to account for humidity, time and stacking Set up the compression tester for the stop force, equivalent to the compression load calculated in step 1, the yield detection percentage (15 percent) and stop deflection (1").3. Center the packaged product on the lower platen of the compression tester. 4. Bring platens together at " per Conclude the test when one of these conditions is first detected by the compression tester: The stop force. The yield detection percentage. The stop TesterShipping Unit ConstructionF-Factors Assurance Level II III I Corrugated, fiberboard or plastic container that may or may not have stress-bearing interior packaging using these materials, and where the product does not support any of the load. Corrugated, fiberboard or plastic container that has stress-bearing interior packaging with rigid inserts such as wood. Containers constructed of materials other than corrugate, fiberboard or plastic that are not temperature- or humidity-sensitive, or when the product supports the load directly. The F-Factor is normally set to Assurance Level III and may vary as shown. Page 6Vibration TestsTruck and Aircraft Random Vibration ProfilesRandom Vibration Test ProceduresWe perform the random vibration test on a vertical electrohydraulic vibration machine equipped with computerized controls. To perform this test, we use the following procedures. 1. Program the vibration system to reproduce three consecutive sequences of random vibration profiles representing the FedEx distribution environment as indicated in the spectra profiles. Truck vibration at Grms (profile one). Air vibration at Grms (profile two). Repeat truck vibration at Grms (profile one).2. Set the duration of each sequence at 15 minutes for shipments, 30 minutes for international Place the test package on the vibration table. Fixtures may be used during testing to prevent the package from moving off the table, to prevent unsafe conditions or to maintain test orientation without restricting the vertical movement. 4. Load the appropriate automatic sequences of random vibration profiles and perform tests. Random Vibration TesterTruck Random Vibration ProfileAircraft Random Vibration ProfilePage 7Testing Request GuidelinesFollow these steps for submitting your packaging for testing. An active FedEx account number is required. You and your FedEx account executive should expect testing results via email in approximately five to seven business days from when FedEx Packaging Services receives your Obtain a FedEx Packaging Test Application at or by contacting FedEx Packaging Services at or Complete and sign your application, referencing the name of your FedEx account executive on the form. See the FedEx Packaging Test Application for terms governing testing or Prepare a sample test package including all the packaging components and contents in the exact configuration you intend to send to your customer. 4. Place your completed application, your sample test package labeled Test This Package and any necessary cushioning material in a sturdy outer container marked Overpacked/Test Pkg. Inside. 5. Send your shipment to the address indicated on the FedEx Packaging Test Vibration Test ProceduresWe perform the rotary vibration test on a mechanical rotary vibration machine. The machine will vibrate at " total displacement. Packages will be subjected to a total of 14,200 vibratory impacts. To perform this test, we use the following procedures. 1. Place the package on the vibration table. Fixtures may be used during testing to prevent the test sample from moving off the table, to prevent unsafe conditions or to maintain test orientation without restricting the vertical movement. 2. Start the vibration table at its lowest speed of frequency. Maintain the " fixed displacement and slowly increase the speed (frequency) of the vibration table until the test sample begins to momentarily leave the surface of the vibration table. Record the speed in cycles per minute (CPM) or frequency in cycles per second (Hz) and stop the vibration Determine the vibration test duration in minutes based on the speed (CPM) or frequency (Hz) identified in step 2, using the following formula: Test Duration (minutes) = Vibratory Impacts Speed (CPM) or [Frequency (Hz) x 60]4. Start the vibration table to vibrate at the speed (CPM) or frequency (Hz) identified in step 2. Stop the vibration test halfway through the vibration test duration determined in step Rotate the test sample 90 degrees horizontally. Resume the vibration speed (CPM) or frequency (Hz) for the remaining vibration test duration. Flat and elongated packages will be vibrated on their smallest and largest surfaces Vibration TesterPage 8Shipping InstructionsYou may send up to three package samples for testing and analysis per submission. We require that you overpack (or overbox) the product to be tested and its Testing and Return ShippingFedEx Packaging Services will test your packaging at no charge. You simply cover the costs of shipping your test package to FedEx Packaging Services. Then, if you request, we will return your test package free of charge via FedEx Express Saver or FedEx Ground service. Of course, you may request return of your packaging via other FedEx services at your own expense. No Hazardous Materials Testing for FedEx Ground ShipmentsFedEx Packaging Services does not test packaging containing hazardous materials. If you would like to have this type of packaging tested, you may substitute contents with non-hazardous materials, or we can help you find laboratories to perform these specialized testing services. Cushioning materialSturdy outer container Overpacked/Test Pkg. Inside marking on the outside of the containerTest package with completed application enclosed and Test This Package markingNo Dangerous Goods Testing for FedEx Express ShipmentsFedEx Packaging Services does not test packaging containing dangerous goods or simulated dangerous goods. We can help you find laboratories to perform these specialized testing and Resources How to Pack guidelines at FedEx Packaging Services lab, or FedEx field packaging engineers, Or contact your FedEx account executive for a 9NOTICE: This packaging brochure is provided to FedEx customers to help reduce loss or damage due to improper packaging. It is NOT intended to be a comprehensive guide for packaging items we accept for transit. We make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding this information. Proper packaging is the sole responsibility of the shipper. For more information and additional guidelines, go to the packaging tips page on , email or contact FedEx Packaging Services at Refer to the current FedEx Service Guide for terms, conditions and limitations applicable to FedEx delivery services. 2016 FedEx 0004523PM-Rev. 12/16

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