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Placing the Sand Bed Before the pavers can be placed, a setting bed of washed concrete sand must be installed and leveled. This process is known as screeding. Although commonly used, we do not


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PAVERS BY IDEALINSTALLATION AND PATTERN GUIDE FOR CONCRETE PAVERSIdeal s Stones with Style are beautiful and easy toinstall. The many styles, shapes, and rich colors createdistinctive patios, walks, driveways, and pool decks thatwill bring you years of enjoyment. Most paving skills are within your reach. Simply followthe steps we have shown. We ve even included somehelpful hints that the professionals use. With a littleeffort and determination, you can achieve beautiful do-it-yourself results. Let s get started!PlanningCareful planning is essential to ensure your project goes smoothly. Start by reviewing ourCome Home to Stylecatalog for ideas. It will help youvisualize what your project might look like in relationto your home and site amenities. Then sketch out a fewdesigns on graph paper. When you have finished yourplan, finalize all of the dimensions and note anyexisting structures, such as your home, stairs, or otherpaved you probably have a pretty good idea of the styleand color pavers you want, visit the Ideal AuthorizedDealerin your area to make your final selection fromactual product samples. Show them your sketch anddiscuss the shape and pattern you d like to use, keepingin mind that some shapes and laying patterns requireless cutting than others. They will help you determinethe proper amount of pavers, edge restraints, sand,gravel, and other materials you ll need. Most likely youwill need to have the materials delivered to your pavers, sand, and gravel are heavy, so deliverymakes sense. You should select a convenient and safelocation where the materials can be placed. You will need the following tools and equipment: Gloves Mason s Line Tape Measure Push Broom Wood Stakes Rubber Mallet Shovel Garden Rake Wheelbarrow String Level Marking Crayon Steel Rake 24" Carpenter s Square Safety Glasses 2 pcs 1" conduit pipe x 8' long (screed pipe) 1 pc 2" x 4" x 8' kiln-dried lumber (screed board)In addition, you will need a tamper or plate compactorand a guillotine cutter or masonry saw to cut some ofthe pavers. They are available from your IdealAuthorized Dealeror local equipment rental starting excavation, contact Dig Safe or Call Before You Dig and request that theymark all underground cables or pipes. These servicesare usually free, but may require up to 72 hours notice. Begin by marking out the area to be paved. Use agarden hose to layout free-form curves. A circle ismarked out from a stake at the center point. Using astring line cut to the length of the radius desired, markthe arc with chalk. Be sure to allow an additional 6" oneach side of the pavement (except where the paversabut a wall, foundation, or existing curb) for drainageand edge restraints. Set a series of stakes along theperimeter and connect them with is important to establish a 90 corner as a starting point. A simple technique uses the 3-4-5 triangle method. From the corner stake, measure 3' across the bottom and4' up the side, adjusting them untilthe distance of the diagonal line is exactly 5' long. A 24" carpenter s square also can be used. You also will need to establish a 90 corner when setting the edging and laying the you have a large area to excavate, you maywish to hire a contractor. They can haul away and dispose of the excavated smaller areas, a shovel and some hard work will getthe job done. Remove grass, loam, roots, and large a flat shovel or spade to skim off the last couple ofinches to avoid disturbing the subgrade soil. Remember,you ll need to excavate 6" beyond the final dimensionsof the pavement to install the edge depth of the excavation will depend on the projectand soil conditions. The base under the pavers must besufficiently thick to support loads in order to avoidrutting over time. The chart shown will give you anidea of how deep you ll need to dig. If you have gooddraining granular soils, such as gravel, you can use lessbase material than if you have poor soils, such as soil feels gritty between your fingers, whileclay soils feel slick, especially when wet. 33'4'5'23Determine the elevation of your finished pavement - itshould be approximately 1/4" above the surrounding areato allow for lock-up over time. The pavement must besloped 1/4" per foot to provide drainage. This slope isestablished at the subgrade level by pulling string linesacross the width of the excavated area and leveling them using a line level. On the side you wish to slopetowards, move the lines down 1/4" for every foot that the pavement is wide. For example, if the area is 4'wide, lower the string 1". Measure the distance betweenthe subgrade and the string lines - the excavated depthshould be uniform across the width of the theBaseThe key to a successful pavement is the base installation - it is the most important step of your project. In addition to the proper thick-ness, the base must be placed in lifts and thoroughlycompacted, otherwise settlement may occur. The basematerial should be a coarse, granular gravel consistingof a proportioned gradation of sand and stone. Werecommend 11/2" processed gravel, 3/4" crusher run,ordense-graded gravel. 4Good Soil7"9"11"Poor Soil9"11"15"Good Soil4"6"8"Poor Soil6"8"12"ProjectWalkway/PatioPool Deck*DrivewayExcavation DepthBase Thickness*Because an in-ground pool installation involves a lot of excavation, alarge volume of earth is disturbed. Unless you are confident that the soilhas been properly back-filled and compacted in lifts, it may be advisable towait 6 months or longer for the soil around the pool to settle : Since the string lines must be removed in order to compact thesubgrade, mark their position on the stakes, which should be left in ll need to reset these lines for other steps of the every 100 square feet (sf) of area, you will need the following amountof base materials for the thickness shown: 4" thick - 2 tons 6" thick - 3 tons 8" thick - 4 tons 12" thick - 6 tonsYou must compact the subgrade soil at the bottom ofthe excavated area with a plate compactor, or for smalljobs, a hand tamper, in order to create a firm and stablefoundation for the base. As an alternative, considerrenting a tool called The Pounder from your IdealAuthorized Dealer. It s similar to a hand tamper, butdoes a much better job and is easier to EdgeRestraintsUnless the pavers are up against an existing curbora foundation, itis important to installedge restraints around the entire keeps the pavers in position and helps preventthem from tipping or spreading various typesof edging materialscan be used, werecommend PaveEdge Flexible. Few other edgingsystems can matchits performance andit is easy to installand will not rot orrust. Place the edging directly on the compacted baseand secure in place by driving the 10" spikes every 2'into the pre-drilled holes. Pave Edge Flexible can beused for straight or curved sections. Be sure that allcorners that are to be square are exactly 90 . Use the 3-4-5 triangle method described in Step , but do not saturate the base with water as youcompact. When it cannot be compacted further, addthe next layer of gravel and compact. Take your time -do not rush this step! Continue to add and compactmaterial until the top of the base is approximately 23/4"to 3" below the height of the finished pavement. Verifythis by resetting the string lines to the final elevationand measuring the distance - the depth should beuniform throughout. The remaining space is for the 1"sand bed and concrete pavers after they have beencompacted into place. If necessary, add or delete basematerial to bring it to the desired slope and grade, andcompact it ensure adequatecompaction, youwill need to installthe base in lifts(layers). If you willbe using a hand-tamper, spread aneven layer of gravelabout 2" thick. If using a platecompactor, you can spread the gravel in 3" to 4" the Sand BedBefore the pavers can be placed, a setting bed of washed concrete sand must be installed and leveled. This process is knownas screeding. Although commonly used, we do notrecommend stone dust because it packs too tightly andcan get spongy if it becomes saturated with water. Place the steel pipeson the compactedbase parallel to eachother about 4' to 6'apart. At severalintervals, run astring line set at theheight of thefinished elevationacross the top of the pipes should be 13/4" to 2" below theline. If necessary, adjust the height by putting a handfulof sand under each end of the pipe if too low or bytrimming the base if too the pipes and space between them with concretesand. Level the sand by pulling the 2" x 4" screed boardalong the top of the pipes. Fill any low spots with sandand rescreed. Move the pipes forward, fill the voidswith sand and repeat the process until the entire sandbed is installed. Do not step on, compact, or allow thesand to become wet once it has been screeded. Animportant note - you should only screed the area thatwill be covered with concrete pavers on that same : If the area to be paved is wider than your screed board, carefullyremove the screed pipe closest to the edge, place it on the opposite side ofthe pipe left in place and repeat the screeding every 100 sf of pavers, approximately 1 ton of concrete sand isrequired for bedding and jointing when the sand is screeded to 1" the PaversMost Idealpavers can be installed in a variety of laying patterns. The most popular are running bond, herringbone, and basketweave. Some shapes feature unique patterns, whileothers offer virtually unlimited design ve shown some of the most popular patterns forour shapes in the Patterns with Stylesection includedin this pavers are notset in mortar orconcrete, you canwork at your ownpace. Follow thedirections carefully,but if you make amistake, don tpanic! Simplyremove the paversto correct the error and pick up where you left is important to start your paver installation along astraight edge or from a 90 corner, even with a curvedlayout. Begin placing the pavers on the screeded sandbed along a straight line in the pattern you havechosen. Install the pavers hand-tight so that the jointsbetween the pavers are about 1/8" wide. With circlesand fans, joint spacing may vary. We mold our paverswith spacers on the sides of most of our shapes toassist in proper joint spacing. Using the touch anddrop method, grasp a paver between your thumb andfingers. Touch the bottom half against the sides of thepreviously placed pavers and release your grip, guidingthe paver to drop down directly onto the sand. Do notslide the paver across the 2 - DropStep 1 - TouchOur traditional pavers with chamfered edges should beplaced with chamfers facing up. Yankee Cobble shouldbe placed with its embossed surface as the top side. OurMillStone and Georgetown Colonial Pavers can beinstalled with either side face up. For a rustic look, tryalternating Georgetown Colonial faces in a randomfashion. While BrookStone is typically placed with itsembossedsurfacefaceup,youalsomayselec tivelyinstallsome with the flat side up for an interesting select pavers from different layers and fromseveral cubes at a time and to ensure even distributionof inherent color shades when installing. Proceed fromone starting point only. The first several rows are themost important for keeping the lines of the patternstraight. Once you have established the pattern, placingthe pavers will become easy. Every couple of feet, pullstring lines over the joints to maintain pattern lines. 7You should work off the pavers as they are installed,keeping a foot or so back from the laying edge. If youare installing pavers on a slope, always start at thebottom and work uphill. Periodically check your rowalignment by running a string line along the front edgeof the leading row, making sure that each paver touchesthe string. If adjustment is needed, wedge the paversinto the proper position using a screwdriver or tapthem with a wood block and mallet. Install any remain-ing edge restraints at this time. For pavements that willhave curves, continue the pattern to just beyond thewidth of the pavement. Mark and cut the pavers alongthe perimeter to accommodate the curve. Unless youare using our Classico pavers, do not attempt to turnthe pavers to follow the you are laying a pattern with circles or fans, it is bestto start at the center of the circle and work your wayout. Refer to the charts in the Patterns with Stylesection for the shape you are using. Screed only enoughsand for the setting bed that allows you to comfortablyplace the pavers within arm s reach. As the diameter ofthe circle increases, you will be able to work off of it toplace additional pavers. Another method is to place halfof the circle first, then install the remaining half byworking from the previously installed area. Fans areinstalled in a similar a professional touch to yourpavement by using Boston orGeorgetown Colonial Pavers asa soldier or sailor course alongthe outside edges to finish theborder. This technique workswell with almost any style ofpaver and pavement shape,including curves, by framing the pavement for a neatfinished appearance. See page 11 for more informationon soldier and sailor border the PaversYou will need to cut some of the pavers to fitneatly along the edges of the pavement. Measure and mark the pavers to be cut witha marking crayon (it is best to cut the paver about 1/4"less than the actual dimension). Always cut the paver inthe shortest direction for a neat cut. Don t be tooconcerned if a cut is not perfect. Jointing sand will fillthe using a guillotine cutter, place thepaver under the center of theblade. Push the handle downusing a quick, forceful using a masonry saw,cut under the center of theblade, using just enoughpressure to allow the blade todo the work. When cuttingpavers, exercise caution and always usesafety glasses, gloves, a dust mask, and whenusing a masonry saw, hearing protection. 8Compacting the PaversAfter all of the pavers have been installed and the edge restraints securely set, sweep the surface clean of any debris and tamp thepavers into the bedding sand using a plate not compact within three feet of an unrestrainededge. Adjust the speed of the machine so that it runswith a high vibration, but at a low amplitude (jumpingmotion). Make two or three passes at 90 angles to eachother. Spread sand over the surface, sweep into thejoints, andcompact is okay toleave a thinlayer of sand onthe surface asyou compact. If any of thepavers becomedamaged,remove themby placing two large screwdrivers in the joints onopposite sides of the paver and pry and rock it straightup. Tamp the replacement pavers into place with theplate you have not used SandLock, you will need to spread additionalsand over the paver surface and sweep back and forthuntil the joints are full. Allowing sand to dry prior tosweeping will make filling the joints easier. The platecompactor also can be used to vibrate sand into thejoints. Keep a small amount of sand on hand to re-fillany joints, if needed, after a few weeks. To finish thejob, sweep the pavers clean and hose the surface downwith water. Complete your landscaping by adding sodor plantings as ! You should feel a real sense ofaccomplishment! Your new walkway, patio, pool deck,or driveway is ready to use and will provide you with adurable and attractive pavement that you will enjoy formany years to white deposit known as efflorescence sometimes appears on the surfaceof clay and concrete products. Do not be alarmed! It has no detrimentaleffect on the pavers and eventually disappears. If you wish to remove itimmediately, a special efflorescence remover can be applied. You shouldnever use muriatic acid! See your Ideal Authorized Dealerforinformation on high-performance cleaners and sealers formulatedspecifically to enhance and maintain the beauty of concrete pavers. These surface treatments can help keep your pavement looking like new!10 Tap & Set Method - If you have not rented a platecompactor, you will need to tap & set the pavers intoplace using a rubber mallet. Hit each paver firmlyenough to set it into place and level all those thatsurround it. You also can use The Pounder by settingit on a short length of 2" x 4" board to cushion itsstriking force. Spread sand over the pavers and sweepinto the joints until using SandLock sand binder, it should be dry-mixedinto the sand. Dump 9 to 11 shovelfuls of concretesand into a wheelbarrow and add 1 to 11/2lb of Sand-Lock. Mix together with a shovel or a hoe for at least 5minutesuntil uniformly blended. Use the mixture to fillthe joints during the compaction process, as previouslydescribed. Once you have completed compaction,carefully sweep the area entirely clean of sand. You maywish to use a blower to remove all of it, though youneed to take care not to blow the sand out of the at the lowest elevation, spray the pavementwith a fine mist of water until you see the joints start toshed water. To fully activate the SandLock, wet thepavement with copious amounts of water for severalminutes before moving to the next section. 10PATTERNS WITH STYLE Pavers by Idealfeatures a wide array of attractivepavers with shapes that can create engaging patternsand designs that no other paving material can match!The color, pattern, shape, and visual texture of ourconcrete pavers are all important elements in the designof picturesque pavements that add charm, vitality, andambiance to any landscape setting. Most shapes can be installed in a number of from classic 45 or 90 herringbone, elegantbasket weaves, traditional running bonds, dramaticcircles, fans, or sweeping curves. Some pavers, such asSymetry, have shapes that lend themselves to patternsspecific to their geometry. Other styles can be installedin virtually unlimited patterns and combinations. Any of the patterns are suitable for walkways, patios,and pool decks. While running bonds and basketweaves may be used for residential driveways, herring-bone patterns provide the greatest degree of bond patterns and large size pavers such as our12" x 12" Plaza Pavers should be utilized only for CoursesAlthough Boston and Georgetown Colonial Pavers arethe most popular choice for border courses, other pavershapes also may be " x 8" Soldier Course3 pieces per lineal foot4" x 8" Sailor Course11/2pieces per lineal foot8" x 8" Soldier Course11/2pieces per lineal foot4" x 8" Soldier Coursew/ 90 Herringbone Pattern4" x 8" Sailor Coursew/ 45 Herringbone Pattern4" x 8" Double Sailor Coursew/ Basket Weave Pattern8" x 8" Soldier Coursew/ Running Bond Pattern11Nominal Size: 4" x 8" pcs/sf6 cm or 8 cm thickness6 cm - 108 sf/cube8 cm - 84 sf/cube - Made to orderBoston Colonial and Georgetown Colonial Pavers may be installed in a wide variety of pattern designs including herringbones, running bonds, and basket HerringboneRunning BondWhorling Squarewith cut 4x4Basket WeaveTraditional #1Running BondHead-on90 HerringboneBoston Colonial PaversGeorgetown Colonial PaversBoston Colonial PaversGeorgetown Colonial Pavers12Basket WeaveTraditional #2Basket WeaveOffset with cut 4x4HerringboneVariation with cut 4x4Basket WeaveVariationStarting HerringbonesWhen starting herringbone patterns with Boston orGeorgetown Colonial Pavers, some units will need tobe cut (shown as white units below). Start with the firstpaver and continue placing the pavers in the ordershown. The order of placement shown below, known asthe Ladder , is the most efficient installation Herringbone Pattern90 Herringbone Pattern456931129301014817161527202122232 42526181913*For patterns that require a 4" x 4" paver (shown as white unitsabove), a 4" x 8" Double Set Plaza Paver may be cut in half tomake two 4" squares with chamfers on all four sides. 121272813Large Rectangle53/4" x 85/8" pcs/sf93 sf/cubeMedium Rectangle53/4" x 41/3" pcs/sf100 sf/cubeSquare Stone53/4" x 53/4" pcs/sf99 sf/cubeAll BrookStone pavers are 6 cm BrookStone shapes are packaged separately forgreater design flexibility in creating shown are per 100 square 1100% SquaresPattern 440% Squares 60% RectanglesPattern 2429% Squares 24% Med. Rectangles47% Lg. RectanglesPattern Med. Lg. RectanglesPattern 2331% Squares 23% Med. Rectangles46% Lg. RectanglesPattern 2100% RectanglesBrookStone 14Uni-Decor 51/2" x 9" pcs/sf6 cm or 8 cm thickness6 cm - 103 sf/cube8 cm - 80 sf/cube - Made to orderUni-Decor Edges41/2" x 9"Available in 6 cm pcs/lf 100 sf/cubeWhen installed, Uni-Decor s appearance remains thesame regardless of pattern selected, however, differentcolors can be used to highlight pattern designs. Running BondParquet/Basket Weave90 Herringbone45 HerringboneWith Boston Colonial Paver Soldier CourseUni-Decor 15Large Rectangle (Pallet 1)41/2" x 63/4" pcs/sf 93 sf/cubeSquare Stone (Pallet 2)41/2" x 41/2" pcs/sf 103 sf/cubeCircle Pak (Pallet 3)Squares, Large & Small Wedge86 sf/cubeClassico is available in 6 cm can be installed in a numberof exciting patterns including basket weaves, herringbones, running bonds, circles, fans, and curves. Percentages shown are per 100 square Bond Head-On100% SquaresHerringbone Variation 240% Squares 60% RectanglesHerringbone Variation Squares RectanglesHerringbone Variation 337% Squares 63% RectanglesRunning Bond 100% RectanglesHerringbone Variation 440% Squares 60% RectanglesClassico Circle Pak16Random Free-FormBasket Weave Variation Squares RectanglesLarge Fan62" wide x 37" highSmall Fan54" wide x 30" highClassico Fan PatternsPallet #3 has enough Smalland Large Wedgestones tomake as many as 20 fans. When installing fans, selectconfigurations such as those shown below that can berepeated with a minimum amount of cutting and setwithin arm s FansPlease note that the number of Large Wedge and Square stones may varyslightly depending on joint spacing between the WEDGESTONES11LG. WEDGESTONES19-2119-21SQUARESTONES23-2541 -43NO. OF ROWS78FANSSmallLarge171234567Tw "121/2"213/4"301/2"391/2"481/2"571/2"661 /2"751/2"841/2"931/2"1021/2"1111/2"1201/ 2"130"1381/2"148"157"166"175"184"SW8LW14 21131620SQ113172042485462687480869399105 111118124RECor 33or 37or 41or 45or 49or 53or 57or 62or 66or 70or 74or 78or 83PALLET2 Layersfrom Pallet #3Pallet #1Rectanglesand/or Pallet #2SquaresLEGENDSW - Small WedgeSQ - SquareLW - Large WedgeRE C- RectangleClassico Circle Diagram & ChartPallet #3 provides enough Smalland Large Wedgestonesto create as many as 4 circles 48" in diameter. For largercircles simply use Squareor Rectangle stones from our#1 and #2 Pallets in subsequent rows. Note that jointswill not all be staggered from row to diagram depicts a circle using Small and Large Wedge stones andSquare stones. Starting with Row 7, only Square stones are used. In Row 8 and above, you can add Rectangle stones if desired. 18Symetry 43/8" x 103/4"6cm thickness3 pcs/sf 84 sf/cubeSymetry Squares65/16" x 65/16"6cm pcs/sf 104 sf/cubeSymetry can be installed in single stone patterns or instriking combinations with Symetry area shows a single Symetry paver within the patterns. Percentages shown are per 100 square Runner100% SymetryVenetian Parquet83% Symetry 17% SquaresGeorgian Symetry SquaresPalace Parquet83% Symetry 17% SquaresEmbassy Row71% Symetry 29% SquaresGrand Symetry SquaresSymetry 19Large Rectangle65/16"x 97/16" 112sf/cubeMedium Rectangle43/4"x 65/16" pcs/sf 91sf/cubeSmall Rectangle31/8"x 65/16" 96sf/cubeSquare Stone65/16"x 65/16" pcs/sf 104 sf/cubeAll Yankee Cobble and MillStone pavers are 6cm shown are per 100 square 1100% SquaresPattern Squares RectanglesPattern 2140% Squares 60% Lg. RectanglesPattern 1933% Med. Rectangles67% Lg. RectanglesPattern 2025% Squares 75% Lg. RectanglesPattern 2100% RectanglesYankee Cobble MillStone Yankee CobbleMillStone20Yankee Cobble &MillStone Circles6 - Center Stone18 - Large Wedge Stone174 - Small Wedge Stone120 - Medium Rectangle6 - Small Rectangle64 sf/cubeLEGENDCS- Center StoneMR - Medium RectangleLW - Large WedgeSR- Small RectangleSW - Small Wedge765432108Use Medium Rectangle and/or Squarestones to expand the circlebeyond the 14 rows shown in chart. Additional rows willincrease the diameter in increments of approximately 123/4". RowCSLWSWSR#PackagesMRDiameter0123456789 1011121314882634212630343842821243033384 2909710611521261/4"191/4"313/4"44 1/2"571/2"70"83"96"1081/2"1203/4"1331/2" 1461/4"159"1713/4"1841/2"1st CirclePak2nd CirclePakMediumRectanglePackagePackaged as follows:218 x 8 Running BondPattern B8 x 8 and 4 x 8 Double SetPattern D45 12 x 12 and 8 x 8Pattern E12 x 12 and 8 x 8Pattern C12 x 12, 4 x 8 and 4 x 445 12 x 12 StackPlaza Pavers 12" x 12"1 pc/sf 108 sf/cube8" x 8" pcs/sf 96 sf/cube4" x 8" and 4" x 8" Double Set* pcs/sf 108 sf/cubeAll Plaza Pavers are 6cm modular Plaza Pavers are perfect for creatingelegant and distinctive larger-scale pavement designs. *The 4" x 8" Double Set unit may be cut into two individual 4"squares with chamfers on all four sides, if required. Plaza Pavers 2241/2" x 9"8cm pcs/sf 79 sf/cubeUni Eco-Stone s unique shape provides the same surface appearance with all of the installation openings filled with aggregateallow rainwater to filter through to ground below235/8" x 153/4"8cm sf/pc8cm - 146 sf/cubeTurfstone s openings can be planted with grass or filled with stone to help managestormwater BondRunning Bond 3/4 OffsetUni Eco-Stone Turfstone 2345-55 Power Road, Westford, MA 01886 232 Lexington Street, Waltham, MA 02452Main Phone:(781) 894-3200 Main Fax:(978) Registered Trademark of Ideal Concrete Block Company, 2001 Ideal Concrete Block Co., can rely on us! Ideal Concrete Block Company, been making quality concrete masonry productssince 1923. We are one of New England s leadingmanufacturers of concrete pavers, landscape retainingwall systems, and patio products. We ve prepared this booklet to help guide you for greatresults that will look like it was done by a pro! If youhave any additional questions or need some assistance,don t hesitate to give us a call at 1-800-24-IDEAL, e-mail us at or contactyourIdeal Authorized Dealer. We re here to help makeyour landscape project a success from start to finish!For information on our complete product line of paversand landscape walls, accessories, or cleaning and sealingproducts, please contact us or your Ideal AuthorizedDealerfor our 36-page Come Home to by Idealprovides a lifetime warranty on thestructural integrity of our concrete paving stones usedin residential applications. Material installed accordingto our guidelines that is proven to be defective will bereplaced without cost. Color matching cannot beguaranteed and replacement labor is not of purchase is required and other exclusionsapply. Please ask for complete shown are soft-converted from metric mold measurements. Boston and Georgetown Colonial Pavers, Yankee Cobble, Plaza Pavers, BrookStone, andMillStone are trademarks of Ideal Concrete Block Company, is a trademark of Symrah Licensing, Edge, SandLock, and The Pounder are trademarks of Pave Tech, , and Uni Eco-Stone are trademarks of F. von Langsdorff Licensing Ltd.

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