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Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (17-items)

Citation: Hamilton M: A rating scale for depression. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 23:56-62, 1960


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Text of Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (17-items)

1. Depressed Mood (sadness, hopeless, helpless, worthless) 0 Absent 1 These feeling states indicated only on questioning 2 These feeling states spontaneously reported verbally 3 Communicates feeling states nonverbally, , through facial expression, posture, voice and tendency to weep 4 Patient reports VIRTUALLY ONLY these feeling states in his spontaneous verbal and nonverbal communication 2. Feelings of Guilt 0 Absent 1 Self-reproach, feels he has let people down 2 Ideas of guilt or rumination over past errors or sinful deeds 3 Present illness is a punishment. Delusions of guilt 4 Hears accusatory or denunciatory voices and/or experiences threatening visual hallucinations 3. Suicide 0 Absent 1 Feels life is not worth living 2 Wishes he were dead or any thoughts of possible death to self 3 Suicide ideas or gesture 4 Attempts at suicide (any serious attempt rates 4) 4. Insomnia - Early 0 No difficulty falling asleep 1 Complains of occasional difficulty falling asleep , more than hour 2 Complains of nightly difficulty falling asleep 5. Insomnia - Middle 0 No difficulty 1 Patient complains of being restless and disturbed during the night 2 Waking during the night any getting out of bed rates 2 (except for purposes of voiding) 6. Insomnia - Late 0 No difficulty 1 Waking in early hours of the morning but goes back to sleep 2 Unable to fall asleep again if gets out of bed 7. Work and Activities 0 No difficulty 1 Thoughts and feelings of incapacity, fatigue or weakness related to activities; work or hobbies 2 Loss of interest in activity; hobbies or work either directly reported by patient, or indirect in listlessness, indecision and vacillation (feels he has to push self to work or activities) 3 Decrease in actual time spent in activities or decrease in productivity. In hospital, rate 3 if patient does not spend at least three hours a day in activities (hospital job or hobbies) exclusive of ward chores. 4 Stopped working because of present illness. In hospital, rate 4 if patient engages in no activities except ward chores, or if patient fails to perform ward chores unassisted. 8. Retardation (slowness of thought and speech; impaired ability to concentrate; decreased motor activity) 0 Normal speech and thought 1 Slight retardation at interview 2 Obvious retardation at interview 3 Interview difficult 4 Complete stupor 9. Agitation 0 None 1 Playing with hand, hair, etc. 2 Hand-wringing, nail-biting, biting of lips 10. Anxiety - Psychic 0 No difficulty 1 Subjective tension and irritability 2 Worrying about minor matters 3 Apprehensive attitude apparent in face or speech 4 Fears expressed without questioning 11. Anxiety - Somatic 0 Absent Physiological concomitants of anxiety such as: 1 Mild Gastrointestinal - dry mouth, wind, indigestion, 2 Moderate diarrhea, cramps, belching 3 Severe Cardiovascular palpitations, headaches 4 Incapacitating Respiratory - hyperventilation, sighing Urinary frequency Sweating 12. Somatic Symptoms - Gastrointestinal 0 None 1 Loss of appetite but eating without staff encouragement. Heavy feelings in abdomen. 2 Difficulty eating without staff urging. Requests or requires laxatives or medications for bowels or medication for symptoms. 13. Somatic Symptoms - General 0 None 1 Heaviness in limbs, back or head, backaches, headache, muscle aches, loss of energy and fatigability 2 Any clear-cut symptom rates 2 14. Genital Symptoms 0 Absent 0 Not ascertained 1 Mild Symptoms such as: loss of libido, 2 Severe menstrual disturbances 15. Hypochondriasis 0 Not present 1 Self-absorption (bodily) 2 Preoccupation with health 3 Frequent complaints, requests for help, etc. 4 Hypochondriacal delusions 16. Loss of Weight A. When Rating by History: 0 No weight loss 1 Probable weight loss associated with present illness 2 Definite (according to patient) weight loss B. On Weekly Ratings by Ward Psychiatrist, When Actual Changes are Measured: 0 Less than 1 lb. weight loss in week 1 Greater than 1 lb. weight loss in week 2 Greater than 2 lb. weight loss in week 17. Insight 0 Acknowledges being depressed and ill 1 Acknowledges illness but attributes cause to bad food, climate, overwork, virus, need for rest, etc. 2 Denies being ill at all Total Score:_____________________ Patient Name:___________________________________ ___________________________ Date:_____________________ Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (17-items) Instructions: For each item select the cue which best characterizes the patient during the past week. Citation: Hamilton M: A rating scale for depression. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 23:56-62, 1960

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